1131. Died Stephen II., King of Hungary
1432. Born Isabel of Coimbra, queen of Portugal
1445. Born Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter
1449. Born Lorenzo de’Medici, Italian statesman
1456. Born King Ladislaus II. of Bohemia and Hungary
1683. Born Caroline of Ansbach, wife of George II. of Great Britain
1792. Died Leopold II., Holy Roman Emperor
1316. Born Robert II. of Scotland
1459. Born Pope Adrian VI.
1810. Born Pope Leo XIII.
1876. Born Pope Pius XII.
1455. Born King John II. of Portugal
1520. Born Matthias Flacius, Croatian Protestant reformer
1554. Died John Frederick Elector of Saxony
1778. Born Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of Hanover
251. Died Pope Lucius I.
561. Died Pope Pelagius I.
852. Croatian Duke Trpimir I. issues a statute, a document with the first known written mention of the Croats name in Croatian sources
1152. Frederick I. Barbarossa is elected King of Germans
1172. Died Stephen III. of Hungary
1188. Born Blanche of Castile, wife of Louis VIII. of France
1133. Born King Henry of England
1324. Born King David II. of Scotland
1326. Born Louis I. of Hungary
1585. Born John George I., Elector of Saxony
1723. Born Princess Mary of Great Britain
1252. Died Saint Rose of Viterbo, Italian saint
1405. Born King John II. of Castile
1475. Born Michelangelo, Italian artist
1817. Born Princess Clémentine of Orléans
322 BC Died Aristotle, Greek philosopher
161. Died Antoninus Pius, Roman Emperor
189. Born Publius Septimius Geta, Roman Emperor
1693. Born Pope Clement XIII.
1724. Died Pope Innocent XIII.
1144. Died Pope Celestine II.
1286. Born John III., Duke of Brittany
1293. Born Beatrice of Castile, queen of Portugal
1702. Died William III. of England
1844. Died Charles XIV. John of Sweden
1213. Born Hugh IV., Duke of Burgundy
1566. Died David Rizzio, secretary of Mary, Queen of Scots
1629. Born Tsar Alexis I. of Russia
1661. Died Jules Mazarin, French cardinal and statesman
1888. Died William I. German Emperor
1391. Died Tvrtko I., first king of Bosnia
1452. Born Ferdinand II. of Aragon
1503. Born Ferdinand I., Holy Roman Emperor
1776. Born Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen consort of Prussia
222. Died Elagabalus, Roman Emperor
1486. Died Albert III., Margrave of Brandenburg
1575. Died Matthias Flacius, Croatian Protestant reformer
1801. Died Paul I., Russian tsar
1899. Born Frederick IX. of Denmark, Danish King
604. Died Pope Gregory I.
1478. Born Giuliano di Lorenzo de’Medici, ruler of Florence
1507. Died Cesare Borgia, Italian general and statesman
1781. Born Frederica of Baden, Queen of Sweden
1790. Died Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general
1516. Died King Ladislaus II. of Bohemia and Hungary
1615. Born Pope Innocent XII.
1741. Born Joseph II., Holy Roman Emperor
1767. Died Maria Josepha of Saxony, Dauphine of France
1808. Died King Christian VII. of Denmark
1881. Died Tsar Alexander II. of Russia
752. Died Pope Zachary
968. Died Matilda of Ringelheim, German Queen
1647. Died Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange
1807. Born Josephine of Leuchtenberg, queen of Sweden and Norway
1844. Born King Umberto I. of Italy
44 BC Died Julius Caesar
938. Born Romanos II., Byzantine emperor
1145. Died Pope Lucius II.
1493. Born Anne de Montmorency, Constable of France
1644. Died Louise Julian of Nassau, Regent of Bohemia
37. Died Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar, Roman Emperor
455. Died Valentinian III., Western Roman Emperor
1021. Died Heribert of Cologne, Archbishop of Cologne
1457. Died László Hunyadi, Hungarian statesman and Warrior
1473. Born Henry IV. the Pious, Duke of Saxony
1687. Born Sophia Dorothea of Hanover, Queen consort in Prussia
1878. Born Clemens August Graf von Galen, German archbishop and cardinal
45. BC Died Titus Labienus, Roman leader
180. Died Marcus Aurelius, Roman emperor
1473. Born King James IV. of Scotland
1516. Died Giuliano di Lorenzo de’Medici, ruler of Florence
1849. Died William II. of Netherlands
1227. Died Pope Honorius III.
1314. Died Jacques DeMolay, Grand Master of the Knight Templar
1584. Died Tsar Ivan IV. of Russia
1746. Died Anna Leopoldovna, regent of Russia
1238. Died Duke Henry I. of Poland
1286. Died King Alexander III. of Scotland
1637. Died Péter Pázmány, Hungarian cardinal and statesman
1721. Died Pope Clement XI.
1821. Born Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria
1413. Died King Henry IV. of England
1568. Died Duke Albert of Prussia
1619. Died Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor
1725. Born Abdul Hamid I., Ottoman Sultan
1811. Born Napoleon II. of France
1076. Died Robert I., Duke of Burgundy
1306. Died Robert II., Duke of Burgundy
1521. Born Maurice, Elector of Saxony
1556. Died Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury
1685. Born Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer
1801. Born Maria Theresa of Tuscany, Queen of Sardinia
875. Born William I., Duke of Aquitaine
1459. Born Maximillian I., Holy Roman Emperor
1609. Born King John II. Casimir of Poland
1759. Born Hedvig Elisabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen of Sweden and Norway
1797. Born King Wilhelm I. of Germany
1955. Died Ivan Šubašić, last ban of Croatia
1103. Died Eudes I., Duke of Burgundy
1369. Died King Pedro of Castile
1429. Born Margaret of Anjou, wife of Henry VI. of England
1555. Died Pope Julius III.
1801. Died Tsar Paul of Russia
1381. Died Saint Catharine, Swedish saint
1455. Died Pope Nicholas V.
1494. Born Georg Agricola, German scientist
1603. Died Queen Elizabeth I. of England
1628. Born Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg, queen of Denmark and Norway
1223. Died Alfonso II. of Portugal
1259. Born Andronikos II. Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor
1297. Born Andronicus III. Palaeologus, Byzantine emperor
1347. Born Catherine of Siena, Italian saint
1479. Born Vasili III., Grand Prince of Moscow
1541. Born Francesco I. de’Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
1751. Died Frederick I. of Sweden
1026. Pope John XIX. crowns Conrad II. as Holy Roman Emperor
1212. Died Sancho I., King of Portugal
1554. Born Charles of Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne
1827. Died Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer and pianist
972. Born King Robert II. of France
1191. Died Pope Clement III.
1350. Died King Alfonso XI. of Castile
1378. Died Pope Gregory XI.
1625. Died King James I. of England and Ireland, James VI. of Scotland
1676. Born Francis II. Rákóczi, leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg
1785. Born King Louis XVII. of France
193. Died Pertinax, Roman Emperor
1285. Died Pope Martin IV.
1515. Born Saint Teresa of Avila, Spanish Carmelite nun
1566. Died Sigismund von Herberstein, Austrian diplomat and historian
1569. Born Ranuccio I. Farnese, Duke of Parma
1609. Born King Frederick III. of Denmark
1058. Died Pope Stephen IX.
1578. Died Louis I. of Guise, French cardinal
1792. Died King Gustav III. of Sweden
1906. Died Slava Raškaj, Croatian painter
1432. Born Mehmed II., Ottoman Sultan
1486. Died Thomas Bourchier, Archbishop of Canterbury
1540. Died Matthaus Lang von Wellenburg, German statesman
1587. Died Ralph Sadler, English statesman
250. Born Constantius Chlorus, Roman Emperor
1204. Died Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of France and England
1340. Died Ivan I. of Russia, Prince of Moscow
1360. Born Philippa of Lancaster, queen of Portugal
1425. Born Bianca Maria Visconti, Duchess of Milan
1499. Born Pope Pius IV.
1519. Born King Henry II. of France
1547. Died Francis I. of France
1567. Died Philipp I. of Hesse
1576. Born Louise Juliana of Nassau, Regent of Bohemia
1621. Died Philip III. of Spain
1675. Born Pope Benedict XIV.
1718. Born Infanta Mariana Victoria of Spain, queen regent of Portugal
1723. Born King Frederick V. of Denmark