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1204. Died King Haakon III of Norway
1387. Died King Charles II. of Navarre
1431. Born Pope Alexander VI.
1449. Born Lorenzo de’Medici, Italian statesman
1467. Born Sigismund I., King of Poland
1515. Died King Louis XII. of France
1557. Born István Bocskay, Prince of Transylvania
1559. Died Christian III. of Denmark and Norway


1514. Died William Smyth, English bishop and statesman
1642. Born Mehmed IV., Ottoman Sultan
1699. Born Osman III., Ottoman Sultan
1861. Died King Frederick William IV. of Prussia
1877. Born Slava Raškaj, Croatian painter


235. Died Pope St. Anterus
1322. Died King Philip V. of France
1437. Died Catherine of Valois, wife of Henry V. of England
1571. Died Joachim II. Hector, Elector of Brandenburg
1701. Died Prince Louis I. of Monaco


1248. Died King Sancho II. of Portugal
1334. Born Amadeus VI. of Savoy
1717. The Netherlands, England, and France sign the Triple Alliance
1825. Died King Ferdinand I. of the Two Sicilies


1387. Died King Peter IV. of Aragon
1448. Died Christopher of Bavaria
1477. Died Charles, Duke of Burgundy
1524. Died Marko Marulić, Croatian poet
1589. Died Catherine de’Medici, queen of Henry II. of France
1614. Born Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria
1762. Died Empress Elizabeth of Russia
1858. Died Joseph Radetzky von Radetz, Austrian field marshal


1367. Born Richard II. of England
1412. Born Joan of Arc, Roman Catholic Saint and national heroine of France
1448. Died Cristopher of Bavaria, King of Bavaria, King of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden
1537. Died Allessandro de’Medici, Duke of Florence
1655. Born Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg, Holy Roman Empire Empress


1285. Died King Charles I. of Naples
1325. Died King Dinis of Portugal
1451. Died Count Amadeus VIII. of Savoy
1502. Born Pope Gregory XIII.
1528. Born Jeanne d’Albert, Queen of Navarre
1536. Died Catherine of Aragon, consort of Henry VIII. of England
1647. Born Wilhelm Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg
1655. Died Pope Innocent X.
1768. Born Joseph Bonaparte, King of Naples
1845. Born King Ludwig III. of Bavaria


1100. Died Antipope Clement III.
1107. Died Edgar of Scotland
1198. Died Pope Celestine III.
1642. Died Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer and scientist
1788. Born Archduke Rudolph of Austria


1554. Born Pope Gregory XV.
1589. Born Ivan Gundulić, Croatian poet
1878. Umberto I. becomes King of Italy


681. Died Pope Agatho
1276. Died Pope Gregory X.
1480. Born Margaret of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands
1538. Born Louis of Nassau, Dutch general
1824. Died King Victor Emmanuel I. of Sardinia


705. Died Pope John VI.
802. Died St. Paulinus II. of Aquileia
1055. Died Constantine IX. Monomachos, Byzantine Emperor
1083. Died Otto of Nordheim, Duke of Bavaria
1395. Born Michelle of Valois, Duchess of Burgundy


1321. Died Maria of Brabant, wife of Philip III. of France
1519. Died Maximilian I. Holy Roman Emperor
1562. Born Charles Emmanuel I., Duke of Savoy
1721. Born Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick, Prussian general
1751. Born Ferdinand II. of the Two Sicilies
1759. Died Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange
1810. Born King Ferdinand II. of the Two Sicilies


86 BC. Died Gaius Marius, Roman general and politician
1138. Died Simon I., Duke of Lorraine
1177. Died Henry II. of Austria
1330. Died Frederick I. of Austria
1334. Born King Henry II. of Castile
1610. Born Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria
1766. Died King Frederick V. of Denmark
1777. Born Elisa Bonaparte, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
1797. Died Elisabeth Christine von Braunschweig-Bevern, wife of Frederick II. of Prussia


83.BC. Born Marcus Antonius, Roman politician
1131. Born King Valdemar I. of Denmark
1163. Died Ladislaus II. of Hungary
1301. Died King Andrew III. of Hungary
1767. Born Maria Theresia of Tuscany, queen consort of Saxony
1861. Born Mehmed VI., Ottoman Sultan


69. Died Galba, Roman Emperor
936. Died King Rudolph of France
1342. Born Philip II., Duke of Burgundy
1432. Born King Alfonso V. of Portugal
1595. Died Murat III., Ottoman Sultan
1781. Died Infanta Mariana Victoria of Spain, queen regent of Portugal


1245. Born Edmund Crouchback, son of Henry III. of England
1387. Died Elizabeth of Bosnia, Hungarian queen and regent
1409. Born René I. of Naples
1501. Born Anthony Denny, confidant of King Henry VIII. of England
1836. Born King Francis II. of the Two Sicilies
1962. Died Ivan Meštrović, Croatian sculptor


395. Died Theodosius I., Roman Emperor
1463. Born Friedrich III., Elector of Saxony
1468. Died Skanderbeg, Albanian leader
1504. Born Pope Pius V.
1598. Died Fyodor I. Tsar of Russia
1732. Born King Stanislaw II. August Poniatowski of Poland
1831. Born Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria
1908. Died Ferdinand IV. Grand Duke of Tuscany


474. Died Leo I., Byzantine Emperor
1367. Died King Peter I. of Portugal
1519. Born Isabella Jagiello, queen of Hungary
1586. Died Margaret of Austria, regent of the Netherlands
1795. Born Anna Pavlovna of Russia, queen of the Netherlands


639. Died Dagobert I., King of the Franks
1526. Died Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II. of Denmark
1544. Born King Francis II. of France
1757. Born Augusta Reuss-Ebersdorf, German Princess
1925. Died Queen Maria Sophia of Two Sicilies


225. Born Gordian III., Roman Emperor
1292. Born Elisabeth of Bohemia
1358. Born Eleanor of Aragon, wife of John I. of Castile
1479. Died King John II. of Aragon
1554. Born King Sebastian of Portugal
1612. Died Rudolf II., Holy Roman Emperor
1666. Died Anna of Austria, wife of Louis XIII. of France
1716. Born King Charles III. of Spain
1819. Died King Charles IV. of Spain
1848. Died Christian VIII. of Denmark


917. Died Erchanger, Duke of Swabia
1118. Died Pope Paschal II.
1338. Born King Charles V. of France
1774. Died Mustafa III., Ottoman Sultan
1793. Died King Louis XVI. of France
1829. Born King Oscar II. of Sweden and Norway


1440. Born Ivan III. of Russia
1561. Born Sir Francis Bacon, English philosopher
1869. Born Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk
1901. Died Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom
1922. Died Pope Benedict XV.


1002. Died Otto III., Holy Roman Emperor
1570. Died James Stewart, Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland
1688. Born Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden
1857. Born Andrija Mohorovičić, Croatian seismologist


41. Died Caligula, Emperor of Rome
76. Born Hadrian, Roman Emperor
772. Died Pope Stephen III.
1002. Died Otto III., Holy Roman Emperor
1366. Died Alfonso IV. of Aragon
1444. Born Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan
1595. Died Ferdinand II. of Austria
1712. Born King Frederick II. of Prussia
1746. Born King Gustav III. of Sweden


844. Died Pope Gregory
1431. Died Charles II., Duke of Lorraine
1477. Born Anna, Duchess of Brittany, wife of Charles VIII. of France
1494. Died King Ferdinand I. of Naples
1559. Died King Christian II. of Denmark, Sweden and Norway
1670. Died Nicholas II., Duke of Lorraine
1925. Died Ivan Vučetić, Croatian anthropologist


1340. King Edward III. of England is declared King of France
1736. Stanislaus I. of Poland abdicates his throne
1744. Died Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal
1763. Born Charles XIV. John of Sweden, Napoleonic general


98. Died Nerva, Roman Emperor
1443. Born Albert, Duke of Saxony
1546. Born Joachim Friedrich, Elector of Brandenburg
1708. Born Anna Petrovna of Russia
1756. Born Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer
1805. Born Sophie of Bavaria, Archduchess of Austria
1805. Born Maria Anna of Bavaria, Queen consort of Saxony
1859. Born Emperor Wilhelm II. of Germany


814. Died Charlemagne
1271. Died Isabella of Aragon, queen of Philip III. of France
1225. Born Saint Thomas Aquinas
1312. Born Queen Joan II. of Navarre
1457. Born King Henry VII. of England
1600. Born Pope Clement IX.
1621. Died Pope Paul V.
1717. Born Mustafa III., Ottoman sultan


1119. Died Pope Gelasius II.
1342. Died Louis I., Duke of Bourbon
1584. Born Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange
1608. Died Frederick I., Duke of Württemberg
1676. Died Tsar Alexis I., of Russia
1696. Died Ivan V., Russian tsar
1743. Died André-Hercule de Fleury, French statesman
1749. Born King Christian VIII. of Denmark
1820. Died King George III. of the United Kingdom
1870. Died Leopold II., Grand Duke of Tuscany
1906. Died King Christian IX. of Denmark


133. Born Marcus Severus Didius Julianus, Roman Emperor
1030. Died William V., Duke of Aquitiane
1384. Died Louis II. of Flanders
1649. Died King Charles I. of England
1730. Died Tsar Peter II. of Russia
1889. Died Crown Prince Rudolph of Austria
1894. Born Tsar Boris III. of Bulgaria

1512. Born King Henry of Portugal
1550. Born Henry I., Duke of Guise, French Catholic leader
1580. Died Henry of Portugal
1615. Died Claudio Aquaviva, Italian Jesuit
1673. Born Louis de Montfort, French catholic priest and saint