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1248. Died Henry II. Duke of Brabant
1328. Died King Charles IV. of France
1691. Died Pope Alexander VIII.
1733. Died King Augustus II. of Poland
1908. Died King Carlos I. of Portugal

1208. Born James I. of Aragon
1250. Died Eric XI. of Sweden
1455. Born King John of Denmark
1494. Born Bona Sforza, queen of Sigismund I. of Poland
1649. Born Pope Benedict XIII.
1711. Born Wenzel Anton von Kaunitz, Austrian diplomat
1717. Born Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal
1769. Died Pope Clement XIII.
1895. Died Archduke Albert, Austrian general

1014. Died King Sweyn I. of Denmark
1116. Died King Coloman of Hungary
1338. Born Jeanne de Bourbon, wife of Charles V. of France
1451. Died Murad II., Ottoman Sultan
1808. Born Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar, Princess of Prussia

211. Died Septimius Severus, Emperor of Rome
708. Died Pope Sisinnius
1694. Died Nataliya Kyrillovnam Naryshkina, Tsaritsa of Russia
1872. Born Gotse Delchev, great Macedonian revolutionary

995. Died William Iv., Duke of Aquitaine
1576. Henry of Navarre converts to Roman Catholicism
1766. Died Leopold Josef Graf Daun, Austrian field marshal
1922. Died Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, Croatian inventor

1378. Died Jeanne de Bourbon, wife of Charles V. of France
1664. Born Mustafa II., Ottoman Sultan
1685. Died King Charles II. of England
1740. Died Pope Clement XII.
1899. Died Prince Alfred of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Prince of Edinburgh

457. Leo I. becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire
999. Died Boleslaus II. of Bohemia
1102. Born Empress Matilda, Princess of England
1478. Born Sir Thomas More, English statesman, humanist, and author
1626. Died William V., Duke of Bavaria
1693. Born Empress Anna of Russia
1837. Died King Gustav IV. Adolf of Sweden
1878. Died Pope Pius IX.

1191. Born Yaroslav II. of Russia
1250. Died Robert I. of Artois, French crusader
1291. Born King Alfonso IV. of Portugal
1296. Died King Przemysl II. of Poland
1405. Born Constantine XI. Palaiologos, the last reigning Emperor of the Byzantine Empire
1487. Born Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg
1587. Died Mary, Queen of Scots
1696. Died Tsar Ivan V. of Russia
1725. Died Tsar Peter I. of Russia
1772. Died Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales
1849. Died France Prešeren, Slovenian poet

1011. Died Bernard I., Duke of Saxony
1450. Died Agnès Sorel, mistress of King Charles VII. of France
1709. Died François Louis, Prince of Conti, French general
1763. Born Ludwig I., Grand Duke of Baden

1126. Died William IX., Duke of Aquitaine, poet
1278. Died Margaret II. of Flanders
1606. Born Christine Marie of France, regent of Savoy
1829. Died Pope Leo XII.
1868. Born Prince Waldemar of Prussia, son of Emperor Frederick III.
1939. Died Pope Pius XI.

731. Died Pope Gregory II.
824. Died Pope Paaschal I.
1377. Born King Ladislas of Naples
1466. Born Elizabeth of York, wife of Henry VII. of England
1503. Died Elizabeth of York, queen consort of Henry VII. of England
1511. Died Henry, Duke of Cornwall, son of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon
1535. Born Pope Gregory XIV.

1074. Born Conrad, King of Germany and Italy
1554. Died Lady Jane Grey, claimant to the English throne
1595. Died Archduke Ernest of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands
1768. Born Francis II., Holy Roman Emperor
1771. Died King Adolf Frederick of Sweden

858. Died Kenneth I. of Scotland
1130. Died Pope Honorius II.
1141. Died Béla II. of Hungary
1332. Died Andronikos II. Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor
1457. Born Mary of Burgundy, wife of Maximilian I., Holy Roman Emperor
1542. Died Catherine Howard, fifth wife of Henry VIII. of England
1599. Born Pope Alexander VII.
1660. Died King Charles X. of Sweden
1787. Died Ruđer Bošković, Croatian scientist and diplomat

270. Died St. Valentine
869. Died Saint Cyril, Greek monk, scholar, theologian and linguist
1317. Died Marguerite of France, queen of Edward I. of England
1400. Died King Richard II. of England
1571. Died Odet de Coligny, French cardinal and Protestant
1714. Died Maria Luisa of Savoy, Queen Consort of Spain

1145. Died Pope Lucius II.
1471. Born Piero di Lorenzo de’Medici, ruler of Florence
1564. Born Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer and physicist
1637. Died Ferdinand II., Holy Roman Emperor
1710. Born King Louis XV. of France
1848. Died Hermann von Boyen, Prussian field marshal

1279. Died King Alfonso III. of Portugal
1391. Died John V. Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor
1519. Born Gaspard de Coligny, French Huguenot leader
1620. Born Friedrich Wilhelm I. of Brandenburg, Duke of Prussia
1786. Born Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia

364. Died Jovian, Roman Emperor
1339. Died Otto, Duke of Austria
1371. Died Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria
1490. Born Charles III., Duke of Bourbon, Constable of France
1519. Born Francis, Duke of Guise, French soldier and politician
1524. Born Charles of Guise, French cardinal
1600. Died Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher
1609. Died Ferdinando I. de’Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
1934. Died King Albert I. of Belgium

999. Died Pope Gregory V.
1374. Born Saint Jadwiga of Poland, queen of Poland
1379. Died Albert II. of Mecklenburg
1478. Died George, Duke of Clarence
1516. Born Queen Mary I. of England
1543. Born Charles III., Duke of Lorraine
1546. Died Martin Luther, German religious reformer
1743. Died Anna Maria Luisa de’Medici, last of the Medicis
1748. Died Otto Ferdinand von Abensberg und Traun, Austrian field marshal

197. Roman Emperor Septimius Severus defeats usurper Clodius Albinus in the Battle of Lugdunum
197. Died Clodius Albinus, Roman governor of Britain
1473. Born Nicolaus Copernicus, mathematician and astronomer
1602. Died Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercoeur, French soldier
1670. Died King Frederick III. of Denmark

1171. Died Conan IV., Duke of Brittany
1194. Died King Tancred of Sicily
1431. Died Pope Martin V.
1579. Died Nicholas Bacon, English politician
1618. Died Philip William, Prince of Orange
1753. Born Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal
1773. Died King Charles Emmanuel III. of Sardinia
1790. Died Joseph II., Holy Roman Emperor

1437. Died King James I. of Scotland
1484. Born Elector Joachim I. of Brandenburg
1513. Died Pope Julius II.
1728. Born Tsar Peter III. of Russia, husband of Catherine the Great
1730. Died Pope Benedict XIII.
1783. Born Princess Catharina of Württemberg, Queen consort of Westphalia

965. Died Otto, Duke of Burgundy
1111. Died Roger Borsa, King of Sicily
1371. Died King David II. of Scotland
1403. Born Charles VII. of France
1440. Born Ladislaus Posthumus of Bohemia and Hungary

1011. Died Willigis, Archbishop of Mainz
1270. Died Saint Isabel of France, daughter of Louis VIII. of France
1417. Born Pope Paul II.
1443. Born Matthias Corvinus of Hungary, King of Hungary and Croatia
1447. Died Pope Eugene IV.
1766. Died Stanislaw Leszczynski, King of Poland
1879. Died Albrecht Graf von Roon, Prime Minister of Prussia

1463. Born Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian humanist
1500. Born Charles V., Holy Roman Emperor
1557. Born Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor
1563. Died Francis, Duke of Guise, French soldier and politician
1777. Died King Joseph I. of Portugal

1558. Died Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Portugal and France
1634. Died Albrecht von Wallenstein, Austrian general
1643. Born Ahmed II., Ottoman Sultan
1713. Died King Frederick I. of Prussia
1912. Died Guillaume IV., Grand Duke of Luxembourg

1154. Died King Roger II. of Sicily
1266. Died King Manfred of Sicily
1361. Born Wenceslaus, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia
1577. Died King Eric XIV. of Sweden
1726. Died Maximilian II. Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria
1746. Born Archduchess Marie Amalie of Austria, duchess of Piacenza
1815. Died Prince Josias of Coburg, Austrian general
1861. Born King Ferdinand of Bulgaria

272. Born Constantine I., Roman emperor
1594. Henry IV. is crowned King of France
1617. Sweden and Russia sign the Treaty of Stolbovo

1261. Born Margaret of Scotland, queen of Norway
1261. Died Henry III., Duke of Brabant
1326. Died Duke Leopold I. of Austria
1453. Died Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine
1621. Died Cosimo II. de’Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
1648. Died King Christian IV. of Denmark and Norway
1941. Died King Alfonso XIII of Spain