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TODAY IN HISTORY - APRIL

APRIL 1

527. Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I. as co-ruler
1204. Died Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of Franks
1340. Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III of Holstein
1815. Born Otto von Bismarck, 1st Chancellor of Germany
1922. Died Karl I of Austria

APRIL 2

742. Born Charlemagne
1272. Died Richard I, Holy Roman Emperor
1348. Born Andronikos IV, Byzantine Emperor
1502. Died Prince Arthur Tudor
1657. Died Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
1725. Born Giacomo Casanova, Italian writer and adventurer
1810. Napoleon Bonaparte marries Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria

APRIL 3

963. Died William III, Duke of Aquitaine
1043. Edward the Confessor is crowned King of England
1287. Died Pope Honorius IV
1643. Born Charles V, Duke of Lorraine

APRIL 4

186. Born Caracalla, Roman Emperor
896. Died Pope Formosus
1284. Died Alfonso X, King of Castile
1292. Died Pope Nicholas IV
1588. Died Frederick II, King of Denmark
1819. Born Maria II, Queen of Portugal

APRIL 5

1419. Died Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary and saint
1472. Born Bianca Maria Sforza, wife of Maximilian I., Holy Roman Emperor
1604. Born Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine
1697. Died Charles XI, King of Sweden

APRIL 6

1199. Died Richard I, King of England
1490. Died Matthias Corvinus, King of Croatia and Hungary
1520. Died Raphael, Italian painter
1632. Born Maria Leopoldine of Austria, Holy Roman Empire Empress

APRIL 7

1498. Died Charles VIII, King of France
1506. Born St. Francis Xavier, Spanish founder of the Society of Jesus
1652. Born Pope Clement XII
1747. Died Leopold I., Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal

APRIL 8

217. Died Caracalla, Roman Emperor
1143. Died John II Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor
1320. Born Peter I, King of Portugal
1364. Died John II, King of France
1605. Born Philip IV, King of Spain
1735. Died Francis II Rákóczi, leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg
1818. Born Christian IX, King of Denmark
1875. Born Albert I, King of Belgium

APRIL 9

715. Died Pope Constantine
1024. Died Pope Benedict VIII
1137. Died William X, Duke of Aquitaine
1413. Henry V. is crowned King of England
1483. Died Edward IV, King of England
1492. Died Lorenzo de`Medici, Italian statesman
1626. Died Francis Bacon, English statesman
1835. Born Leopold II, King of Belgium

APRIL 10

948. Died Hugh, King of Italy
1533. Died Frederick I, King of Denmark
1585. Died Pope Gregory XIII
1741. Prussia defeats Austria in the Battle of Mollwitz
1904. Died Isabella II, Queen of Spain

APRIL 11

146. Born Septimius Severus, Roman Emperor
491. Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor
1034. Died Romanus II, Byzantine Emperor
1357. Born John I, King of Portugal
1492. Born Marguerite, Queen of Navarre
1626. Died Marin Getaldić, Croatian mathematician

APRIL 12

238. Died Gordian I, Roman Emperor
352. Died Pope St. Julius I
467. Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire
1125. Died Vladislaus I of Bohemia
1555. Died Juana of Castile, wife of Philip I
1577. Born Christian IV, King of Denmark

APRIL 13

1519. Born Catherine de`Medici, Queen of France
1573. Born Christina of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen consort of Sweden
1584. Born Albert VI of Bavaria
1598. Henry IV of France issues the Edict of Nantes allowing freedom of the religion to the Huguenots
1605. Died Boris Godunov, Tsar of Russia
1747. Born Louis Philip II, Duke of Orleans

APRIL 14

1279. Died Boleslaus of Greater Poland
1578. Born Philip III, King of Spain
1759. Died George Frideric Handel, German composer
1792. Died Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer
1818. Born Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, Queen of Hanover
1857. Born Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom

APRIL 15

1220. Died Adolf of Altena, Archbishop of Cologne
1452. Born Leonardo da Vinci, Italian polymath
1642. Born Suleiman II, Ottoman Sultan
1646. Born Christian II, King of Denmark
1648. Born Catherine I of Russia
1764. Died Madame de Pompadour, mistress of King Louis XV. of France
1793. Died Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary and geographer

APRIL 16

1198. Died Duke Frederick I of Austria
1319. Born John II, King of France
1693. Born Anne Sophie Reventlow, Queen of Denmark and Norway
1927. Born Pope Benedict XVI

APRIL 17

1080. Died Harald III, King of Denmark
1427. Died John IV Duke of Brabant
1539. Died George, Duke of Saxony
1573. Born Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria
1711. Died Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor

APRIL 18

1025. Boleslaw Chrobry is crowned King of Poland
1480. Born Lucrezia Borgia, Florentine ruler
1518. Bona Sforza is crowned as Queen consort of Poland
1875. Born Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić, Croatian writer

APRIL 19

1054. Died Pope Leo IX
1390. Died Robert II, King of Scotland
1689. Died Christina, Queen of Sweden
1793. Born Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria
1967. Died Konrad Adenauer, German statesman

APRIL 20

1314. Died Pope Clement V
1494. Born Johannes Agricola, German Protestant reformer
1808. Born Napoleon III, Emperor of the French
1884. Born Princess Beatrice of Edinburg and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1947. Died Christian X, King of Denmark

APRIL 21

1073. Died Pope Alexander II
1509. Died Henry VII, King of England
1574. Died Cosimo I de`Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
1673. Born Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick, Holy Roman Empire Empress
1767. Born Elisabeth of Württemberg, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire

APRIL 22

296. Died Pope Caius
536. Died Pope Agapetus I
1451. Born Isabella I, Queen of Castile
1610. Born Pope Alexander VIII
1868. Born Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria
1872. Born Princess Margaret of Prussia, Queen of Finland

APRIL 23

1124. Died Alexander I, King of Scotland
1151. Died Adeliza, Queen of England
1185. Born Alfonso II, King of Portugal
1217. Died Inge II, King of Norway
1676. Born Frederick I, King of Sweden

APRIL 24

1342. Died Pope Benedict XII
1533. Born William I of Orange
1581. Born Vincent de Paul, French saint
1891. Died Helmuth von Moltke, Prussian field marshal

APRIL 25

1214. Born Louis IX, King of France
1228. Born Conrad IV of Germany
1284. Born Edward II, King of England
1295. Died Sancho IV, King of Castile
1599. Born Oliver Cromwell, English statesman

APRIL 26

121. Born Marcus Aurelius, Roman Emperor
1478. Died Giuliano di Piero de`Medici, ruler of Florence
1573. Born Marie de`Medici, Queen of France
1648. Born Peter II, King of Portugal

APRIL 27

1404. Died Philip II, Duke of Burgundy
1495. Born Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman Sultan
1605. Died Pope Leo XI
1694. Died John George IV, Elector of Saxony
1701. Born Charles Emmanuel III, King of Sardinia
1806. Born Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain
1848. Born Otto I, King of Bavaria

APRIL 28

1442. Born Edward IV, King of England
1498. Died Henry Percy, English politician
1533. Died Nicholas West, English bishop and diplomat
1716. Died Louis de Montfort, French catholic priest

APRIL 29

1380. Died Catherine of Siena, Italian saint
1429. Joan of Arc arrives to relieve the Siege of Orleans
1688. Died Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg
1863. Born Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Catholic nun

APRIL 30

1245. Born Philip III, King of France
1341. Died John III, Duke of Brittany
1632. Died Sigismund I, King of Sweden
1662. Born Mary II, Queen of England
1671. Petar Zrinski and Fran Krsto Frankopan are executed in Wiener Neustadt
1847. Died Archduke Charles of Austria, Austrian general

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